Preventive measures for fire-related injuries and their risk factors in residential buildings: a systematic review
Preventive measures for fire-related injuries and their risk factors in residential buildings: a systematic review.
نویسندگان: داود خراسانی زواره
کلمات کلیدی: Fires; Residential buildings; Preventive measures; Injury
نشریه: Journal of Injury and Violence Research, 11,11,1 - 13,2018
|عنوان فارسی مقاله
||Preventive measures for fire-related injuries and their risk factors in residential buildings: a systematic review
|عنوان لاتین مقاله
||Preventive measures for fire-related injuries and their risk factors in residential buildings: a systematic review.
||اصیل پژوهشی - Original Article
|نحوه ایندکس شدن مقاله
||Journal of Injury and Violence Research
||داخلی نمایه شده
|صفحه شروع و پایان در نشریه
||1 - 13
|سال انتشار/ ارائه شمسی
|سال انتشار/ارائه میلادی
|آدرس لینک مقاله/ همایش در شبکه اینترنت
|آدرس علمی (Affiliation) نویسنده متقاضی
||Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Every year, a large number of people lose their lives or become injured seriously as a result of fires. Fires in buildings pose a great threat to resident safety. The aim of this systematic review is to identify preventive measures for fire-related injuries in residential buildings, taking into account associated risk factors.
In this study, a systematic review was performed of all studies conducted in the field of residential building fires, influencing factors and available safety procedures. From the earliest record up to 7 July 2017, databases of PubMed, Web of Science/Knowledge, and Scopus were searched and selected articles included in the study.
A total of 5,613 published articles were examined, of which 30 were finally found to meet the inclusion criteria. The findings of the study were included in two main groups of preventive measures and risk factors for residential building fires and related injuries. Regarding preventive measures, the factors to reduce the risk of fire-related injuries raised in the studies under review included rule amendments, changes and modification of the environment, behavior change such as emergency evacuation during fire occurrence, improvements to emergency medical services, and awareness-raising. Also, many of the studies showed that areas with a large number of young children, older people, people with physical and mental disabilities, alcohol and drug addicts, smokers, single-family households and low-income families were particularly at risk of fire-related injuries and deaths.
There are features in residential buildings and attributes among residents that can be related to fire hazard and fire-related injuries and deaths. The most important point of this study is to focus on preventive strategies including environmental modification, promotion of safety rules and changes in risk behavior among residents. Policy makers should pay more attention to these important issues in order to promote safety and injury prevention in relation to building fires.
||تاریخ درج فایل