Determinants of household’s health expenditures: A population-based study

Determinants of household’s health expenditures: A population-based study


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نویسندگان: فرید زایری , یداله محرابی , ابوالفضل پاینده , زهرا رضایی قهرودی

کلمات کلیدی: Health Expenditure; Household; Multilevel Analysis

نشریه: Journal of Paramedical Sciences, 2,9,27 - 32,2018

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کد مقاله 66014953
عنوان فارسی مقاله Determinants of household’s health expenditures: A population-based study
عنوان لاتین مقاله Determinants of household’s health expenditures: A population-based study
نوع مقاله اصیل پژوهشی - Original Article
نحوه ایندکس شدن مقاله ISC - Islamic Science Citation
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عنوان نشریه Journal of Paramedical Sciences
نوع نشریه داخلی نمایه شده
شماره نشریه 2
دوره 9
صفحه شروع و پایان در نشریه 27 - 32
سال انتشار/ ارائه شمسی 1397
سال انتشار/ارائه میلادی 2018
آدرس لینک مقاله/ همایش در شبکه اینترنت http://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/jps/article/view/20356
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DOI
آدرس علمی (Affiliation) نویسنده متقاضی Department of Biostatistics, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

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Studies have shown that the determinants of households’ health expenses are in doubt in Iran. Patients deal with pain and trouble while facing increasing health services payments. Thus, their quality of life decreases in all aspects. The objective of this research lies within the analysis of Iranian households’ health expenditure (HHE), using multilevel modelling methodology. Data was collected through Household Income and Expenditure Survey by Statistical Center of Iran. A total of 38299 Iranian households were sampled. This nationally-representative cross-sectional survey collected the required information from March 2013 to March 2014, using a three-staged cluster sampling method. Descriptive statistics and multilevel modeling was employed for data analysis. Data analysis was performed using R programming language version 3.3.2 and SPSS version 20. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Our findings indicated that families spent about seven percent of their annual income on HHE. Annual median of medical expenses and income per capita were 1020 and 44460 thousand rials, respectively. Family income, age, and activity status of household head had significant positive effects on annual HHE (P<0.05). Female headed families spent about 10% less health expenses than male headed households annually (P<0.001). Although rural and illiterate heads experienced lower health expenses, their effects were not statistically substantial (P>0.05). More attention on HHE is needed from researchers and politicians, as it has proved to be no easy matter in the low-income and deprived areas.

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نویسنده نفر چندم مقاله
فرید زایریچهارم
یداله محرابیاول
ابوالفضل پایندهدوم
زهرا رضایی قهرودیسوم

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