Assessing Households Preparedness for Earthquakes: An Exploratory Study in the Development of a Valid and Reliable Persian-version Tool

Assessing Households Preparedness for Earthquakes: An Exploratory Study in the Development of a Valid and Reliable Persian-version Tool


چاپ صفحه
پژوهان
صفحه نخست سامانه
چکیده مقاله
چکیده مقاله
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نویسندگان
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علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی

نویسندگان: ساناز سهرابی زاده

کلمات کلیدی:

نشریه: ---- عنوان نشریه در لیست موجود نیست ----, 1,8,1 - 12,2016

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کد مقاله 66006387
عنوان فارسی مقاله Assessing Households Preparedness for Earthquakes: An Exploratory Study in the Development of a Valid and Reliable Persian-version Tool
عنوان لاتین مقاله Assessing Households Preparedness for Earthquakes: An Exploratory Study in the Development of a Valid and Reliable Persian-version Tool
نوع مقاله اصیل پژوهشی - Original Article
نحوه ایندکس شدن مقاله PubMed
IF
عنوان نشریه ---- عنوان نشریه در لیست موجود نیست ----
نوع نشریه خارجی نمایه شده
شماره نشریه 1
دوره 8
صفحه شروع و پایان در نشریه 1 - 12
سال انتشار/ ارائه شمسی 1394
سال انتشار/ارائه میلادی 2016
آدرس لینک مقاله/ همایش در شبکه اینترنت http://currents.plos.org/disasters/article/assessing-households-preparedness-for-earthquakes-an-exploratory-study-in-the-develop
ISSN
DOI 10.1371/currents.dis.ccc8697279713e66887b928b839d0920
آدرس علمی (Affiliation) نویسنده متقاضی Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

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Introduction: Iran is placed among countries suffering from the highest number of earthquake casualties. Household preparedness, as one component of risk reduction efforts, is often supported in quake-prone areas. In Iran, lack of a valid and reliable household preparedness tool was reported by previous disaster studies. This study is aimed to fill this gap by developing a valid and reliable tool for assessing household preparedness in the event of an earthquake. Methods: This survey was conducted through three phases including literature review and focus group discussions with the participation of eight key informants, validity measurements and reliability measurements. Field investigation was completed with the participation of 450 households within three provinces of Iran. Content validity, construct validity, the use of factor analysis; internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, and test-retest reliability were carried out to develop the tool. Results: Based on the CVIs, ranging from 0.80 to 0.100, and exploratory factor analysis with factor loading of more than 0.5, all items were valid. The amount of Cronbach’s alpha (0.7) and test-retest examination by Spearman correlations indicated that the scale was also reliable. The final instrument consisted of six categories and 18 questions including actions at the time of earthquakes, nonstructural safety, structural safety, hazard map, communications, drill, and safety skills. Conclusion: Using a Persian-version tool that is adjusted to the socio-cultural determinants and native language may result in more trustful information on earthquake preparedness. It is suggested that disaster managers and researchers apply this tool in their future household preparedness projects. Further research is needed to make effective policies and plans for transforming preparedness knowledge into behavior.

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نویسنده نفر چندم مقاله
ساناز سهرابی زادهدوم

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