Effects of dust storm events on emergency admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Sanandaj, Iran

Effects of dust storm events on emergency admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Sanandaj, Iran


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نویسندگان: اکبر اسلامی

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نشریه: Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 110,12,1 - 5,2014

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کد مقاله 66001334
عنوان فارسی مقاله Effects of dust storm events on emergency admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Sanandaj, Iran
عنوان لاتین مقاله Effects of dust storm events on emergency admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Sanandaj, Iran
نوع مقاله اصیل پژوهشی - Original Article
نحوه ایندکس شدن مقاله Science Sitation Index Expanded -ISI - Web of Science
IF 1.01
عنوان نشریه Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering
نوع نشریه داخلی نمایه شده
شماره نشریه 110
دوره 12
صفحه شروع و پایان در نشریه 1 - 5
سال انتشار/ ارائه شمسی 1393
سال انتشار/ارائه میلادی 2014
آدرس لینک مقاله/ همایش در شبکه اینترنت http://www.ijehse.com/content/12/1/110
ISSN 2052-336X
DOI 10.1186/s40201-014-0110-x
آدرس علمی (Affiliation) نویسنده متقاضی 2Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

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Background In recent years, increasing dust storms from western neighboring countries of Iran influenced western and central parts of the country. In this case, level of concentration of atmospheric particulate matter greater than 10 μm (PM10) remained higher for several days compared to the levels before the event. Accordingly, Suspended particulate matters of dust storms in western Iran have caused PM10 pollution in Sanandaj (capital of the Iranian province of Kurdistan) and other Iranian cities. The present study aimed to evaluate possible effects of dust storms on incidence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases among residents of Sanandaj. Materials and methods Dust storm events defined based on the Environmental Protection Administration and Meteorological Announcements, 21 March 2009 to 21 June 2010. Data related to the dust events associated with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases were obtained from the Center for Disaster and Emergency Medicine of Sanandaj, Iran. PM10 concentration and air quality data were obtained from air quality monitoring agency of Kurdistan Provincial Directorate of Environment Protection. Daily PM10 measurements were performed automatically according to β-ray absorption. Data were statistically analyzed using SPSS and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Also, linear regression model was used to investigate the relationship between variables. Results The average PM10 levels during dust episodes (187 μg/m3) were significantly higher than the other days (48.7 μg/m3). In addition, correlation coefficient between PM10 level and number of cardiovascular and emergency service during dust events were equal to 0.48 (P <0.05) and 0.19 (P >0.05) respectively. Conclusion Our findings showed significant increase in emergency admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases during dust storms episode in Sanandaj. Although correlation between respiratory diseases and dust storm events were statistically insignificant (0.19), numbers of cardiovascular diseases were significantly correlated with dust storm events (0.48).

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اکبر اسلامیسوم

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